ANALYSIS OF VEHICULAR TRAFFIC ON THE THREE MAJOR ROUTES OF THE FEDERAL CAPITAL CITY OF ABUJA
The study investigated vehicular traffic on the three major routes leading in and out of the federal capital city of Abuja with focus on urban mass transit (high capacity) buses. Data were sourced through primary sources using questionnaires for Commuters, interview for Urban Mass Transit Bus (UMTB) Operators and Regulator and observation for vehicular traffic count. Data were analyzed using tables, percentages and charts while Hypotheses were analyzed using ANOVA. From the findings, 84.0% of respondents indicated that Urban Mass Transit Bus functionality was highly inadequate. This makes Commuters to rely on illegally operating Passenger Service Vehicles (PSV). Traffic volume and vehicular composition were dominated by Cars/Jeeps/Space Buses giving 443,718 (93.71%) while public Urban Mass Transit Bus was 329 (0.07%) on a six-hour traffic count. Hypothesis testing showed that there was a statistically significant difference in the volume of Commuters that board private cars and those that board Urban Mass Transit Bus because the F ratio of 3.100 at p=0.05 was 0.046. The study recommended proper enforcement by the Transport Secretariat against illegal Passenger Service Vehicles, provision of Light Rail, Provision of subsidy for Urban Mass Transit Bus Operators, adequate Bus Terminals, Bus stops and Bus Rapid Transit lanes.
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