AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF NIGERIAN SEAPORTS OPERATIONAL PERFORMANCE
This study examines the operational performance of Nigerian seaports and the critical factors that can affect cargo handling in the domestic and international supply chains. The evaluation of operational performance of seaports reflects on their status and reveals the position of the seaport competitiveness in the maritime industry. Moreover, it is important to note the impacts of operational efficiency of seaports on the inbound and outbound supply chain and logistics, which is the vital role of maritime business survival. This study utilized regression model to analyze seaport operational performance of the Nigerian seaports. While, Anova test was used to examine the level of significance of the independent variables, against the dependent variable. The results from the study show that there is a positive significant relationship between cargo throughput as the dependent variable and independent variables (number of vessel traffic, turnaround time, and number of employees) of the seaport. Since the p-value < 0.05%. This implies that the higher cargo throughput operations, the higher number of vessel traffic, thereby increasing seaport cargo traffic. Finally, the number of vessel traffic was positive, with a high significance level at values of (2.366). While, turnaround time and number of employee coefficient values with values of (– 0.086 and - 0.519), it indicates high level of significance, although both were negative coefficients, which infer decrease in operational performance. Therefore, there is a need to improve seaport operational performance and some characteristics that may be needed to rebrand the seaport to achieve a higher operational efficiency level to avoid congestion in the nation seaports.
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